Decreased TRH receptor mRNA activity precedes homologous downregulation: assay in oocytes

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  04 Dec 1987:
Vol. 238, Issue 4832, pp. 1406-1408
DOI: 10.1126/science.2825350


Ligand-induced decrease in cell-surface receptor number (homologous downregulation) is often due to rapid receptor internalization. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), however, causes a slow downregulation of TRH receptors (TRH-Rs), with a half-time of approximately 12 hours, in GH3 rat pituitary cells. The mechanism of TRH-R downregulation was studied by monitoring TRH-evoked depolarizing currents in Xenopus oocytes injected with GH3 cell RNA as a bioassay for TRH-R messenger RNA (mRNA) activity. In GH3 cells, TRH caused a rapid decrease in TRH-R mRNA activity to 15 percent of control within 3 hours. Because the half-life of TRH-R mRNA activity in control cells was approximately 3 hours, the rapid decrease in mRNA activity was not due to inhibition of mRNA synthesis alone and may represent a post-transcriptional effect.

Stay Connected to Science