Somatostatin augments the M-current in hippocampal neurons

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Science  15 Jan 1988:
Vol. 239, Issue 4837, pp. 278-280
DOI: 10.1126/science.2892268


Immunocytochemical and electrophysiological evidence suggests that somatostatin may be a transmitter in the hippocampus. To characterize the ionic mechanisms underlying somatostatin effects, voltage-clamp and current-clamp studies on single CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal slice preparation were performed. Both somatostatin-28 and somatostatin-14 elicited a steady outward current and selectively augmented the noninactivating, voltage-dependent outward potassium current known as the M-current. Since the muscarinic cholinergic agonists carbachol and muscarine antagonized this current, these results suggest a reciprocal regulation of the M-current by somatostatin and acetylcholine.

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