Effects of intracellular free magnesium on calcium current in isolated cardiac myocytes

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  12 Feb 1988:
Vol. 239, Issue 4841, pp. 778-780
DOI: 10.1126/science.2448878


Magnesium ions play a fundamental role in cellular function, but the effects of changes in the concentration of intracellular ionized magnesium ([Mg2+]i) on cell physiology have only recently received experimental attention. Increasing [Mg2+]i from 0.3 to 3.0 mM in cardiac cells by internal perfusion has only small effects on the basal voltage-gated calcium current (ICa) or on ICa elevated by dihydropyridine calcium channel agonists. In contrast, ICa elevated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent phosphorylation decreases by more than 50 percent. The effect of [Mg2+]i is not due to changes in the concentration of cAMP or in the velocity of phosphorylation but rather appears to be a direct effect on the phosphorylated channel or on channel dephosphorylation.