Coevolution of Sender and Receiver: Effect on Local Mate Preferecnce in Cricket Frogs

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Science  24 Jun 1988:
Vol. 240, Issue 4860, pp. 1786
DOI: 10.1126/science.240.4860.1786


Mate recognition in frogs requires congruence of call characters, such as dominant frequency, and properties ofthe auditory system, such as frequency sensitivity of inner ear organs. Two neighboring populations of cricket frogs (Acri crepitans) exhibit statistically significant differences in the dominant frequency of the advertisement call and the frequency to which the basilar papilla of the inner ear is most sensitive. Call frequency and frequency sensitivity are matched within but differ between populations. These characters usually are negatively correlated with body size, and thus their congruence and coevolution often is explained by pleiotropic effects of size. However, within this species call frequency and frequency sensitivity ofthe basilar papilla evolved independent of body size, yielding local mate preferences that could contribute to genetic differentiation among neighboring populations.

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