The rat as an experimental animal

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Science  21 Jul 1989:
Vol. 245, Issue 4915, pp. 269-276
DOI: 10.1126/science.2665079


The development and characterization of many inbred, congenic, and recombinant strains of rats in recent years has led to the detailed genetic description of this species, especially in regard to its major histocompatibility complex. This information has contributed substantially to the study of comparative genetics and has greatly enhanced the utility of the rat in a variety of areas of biomedical research. This article focuses on the use of the rat in immunogenetics, transplantation, cancer-risk assessment, cardiovascular diseases, and behavior.

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