Orthogonal Self-Assembled Monolayers: Alkanethiols on Gold and Alkane Carboxylic Acids on Alumina

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Science  25 Aug 1989:
Vol. 245, Issue 4920, pp. 845-847
DOI: 10.1126/science.245.4920.845


This work demonstrates the practicality of forming two self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), independently but simultaneously, by adsorption of two different adsorbates from a common solution onto a substrate exposing two different materials at its surface. The experimental procedure and the degree of independence achieved in the resulting SAMs are illustrated by examination of monolayers obtained by adsorption of alkanethiols on gold and alkane carboxylic acids on alumina. This procedure provides a method for modifying the surface characteristics of microlithographically generated patterns and offers a versatile technique for controlling solid-vapor and solid-liquid interfacial properties in systems having patterns with dimensions of the order of 1 micrometer.

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