Population dynamics of the United States and the Soviet Union

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Science  30 Mar 1990:
Vol. 247, Issue 4950, pp. 1548-1552
DOI: 10.1126/science.2321015

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Population growth in the United States and the Soviet Union is slowing. Since the 1970s, labor force growth in both countries is slowing even more than population growth, and both countries are aging. Economic effects of slowing growth can be compensated for by increased participation in the labor force and increased productivity and by adjustments in the military forces. Economic flexibility and policy choices will determine how successfully the trend to slower population growth will be accommodated.

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