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Supply and Demand for Scientists and Engineers: A National Crisis in the Making

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Science  27 Apr 1990:
Vol. 248, Issue 4954, pp. 425-432
DOI: 10.1126/science.248.4954.425


Projections are analyzed for the future supply and demand of scientists and engineers. The demographics of the college-age population combined with estimates of the percentage of students who will pursue careers in science and engineering indicate significant shortfalls between supply and demand for the next several decades at both the baccalaureate and Ph.D. levels. If these projections are realized, the shortage of technical personnel will have a major impact on economic growth, international competitiveness, and national security. Various strategies for recruiting and retaining students in science and engineering are considered.

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