Cloning of a transcriptionally active human TATA binding factor

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Science  29 Jun 1990:
Vol. 248, Issue 4963, pp. 1646-1650
DOI: 10.1126/science.2194289


Transcription factor IID (TFIID) binds to the TATA box promoter element and regulates the expression of most eukaryotic genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II. Complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding a human TFIID protein has been cloned. The human TFIID polypeptide has 339 amino acids and a molecular size of 37,745 daltons. The carboxyl-terminal 181 amino acids of the human TFIID protein shares 80% identity with the TFIID protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The amino terminus contains an unusual repeat of 38 consecutive glutamine residues and an X-Thr-Pro repeat. Expression of DNA in reticulocyte lysates or in Escherichia coli yielded a protein that was competent for both DNA binding and transcription activation.

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