A Polypeptide from Tomato Leaves Induces Wound-Inducible Proteinase Inhibitor Proteins

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Science  23 Aug 1991:
Vol. 253, Issue 5022, pp. 895-897
DOI: 10.1126/science.253.5022.895


Defensive genes in plants can be activated by several different types of nonpeptide signaling molecules. An endogenous polypeptide, consisting of 18 amino acids, was isolated from tomato leaves and was able at very low concentrations to induce the synthesis of two wound-inducible proteinase inhibitor proteins when supplied to young tomato plants. The sequence of the polypeptide was determined, and an identical polypeptide was synthesized that possessed full inducing activity. These data establish that a polypeptide factor can initiate signal transduction to regulate the synthesis of defensive proteins in plant tissues.

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