Molecular cloning of an invertebrate glutamate receptor subunit expressed in Drosophila muscle

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Science  04 Oct 1991:
Vol. 254, Issue 5028, pp. 112-114
DOI: 10.1126/science.1681587


Insects and other invertebrates use glutamate as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and at the neuromuscular junction. A complementary DNA from Drosophila melanogaster, designated DGluR-II, has been isolated that encodes a distant homolog of the cloned mammalian ionotropic glutamate receptor family and is expressed in somatic muscle tissue of Drosophila embryos. Electrophysiological recordings made in Xenopus oocytes that express DGluR-II revealed depolarizing responses to L-glutamate and L-aspartate but low sensitivity to quisqualate, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA), and kainate. The DGluR-II protein may represent a distinct glutamate receptor subtype, which shares its structural design with other members of the ionotropic glutamate receptor family.

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