Regulation of protein serine-threonine phosphatase type-2A by tyrosine phosphorylation

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Science  28 Aug 1992:
Vol. 257, Issue 5074, pp. 1261-1264
DOI: 10.1126/science.1325671


Extracellular signals that promote cell growth activate cascades of protein kinases. The kinases are dephosphorylated and deactivated by a single type-2A protein phosphatase. The catalytic subunit of type-2A protein phosphatase was phosphorylated by tyrosine-specific protein kinases. Phosphorylation was enhanced in the presence of the phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid, consistent with an autodephosphorylation reaction. More than 90% of the activity of phosphatase 2A was lost when thioadenosine triphosphate was used to produce a thiophosphorylated protein resistant to autodephosphorylation. Phosphorylation in vitro occurred exclusively on Tyr307. Phosphorylation was catalyzed by p60v-src, p56lck, epidermal growth factor receptors, and insulin receptors. Transient deactivation of phosphatase 2A might enhance transmission of cellular signals through kinase cascades within cells.

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