Association of human cyclin E with a periodic G1-S phase protein kinase

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Science  25 Sep 1992:
Vol. 257, Issue 5078, pp. 1958-1961
DOI: 10.1126/science.1329201


G1 cyclins control the G1 to S phase transition in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cyclin E was discovered in the course of a screen for human complementary DNAs that rescue a deficiency of G1 cyclin function in budding yeast. The amounts of both the cyclin E protein and an associated protein kinase activity fluctuated periodically through the human cell cycle; both were maximal in late G1 and early S phases. Cyclin E-associated kinase activity was correlated with the appearance of complexes containing cyclin E and the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdk2. Thus, the cyclin E-Cdk2 complex may constitute a human G1-S phase-specific regulatory protein kinase.

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