Identification of a Sex Pheromone from a Spider

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Science  11 Jun 1993:
Vol. 260, Issue 5114, pp. 1635-1637
DOI: 10.1126/science.260.5114.1635


The compounds (R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid and its dimer, (R)-3-[(R)-3-hydroxybutyryloxy]-butyric acid, have been identified as sex pheromones of a spider. These compounds elicit web reduction behavior by males of Linyphia triangularis (Clerck) on the webs of unmated adult females.

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