Targeting of G alpha i2 to the Golgi by alternative spliced carboxyl-terminal region

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Science  07 Jan 1994:
Vol. 263, Issue 5143, pp. 95-98
DOI: 10.1126/science.8272874


Heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins (G proteins) may participate in membrane traffic events. A complementary DNA (cDNA) was isolated from a mouse pituitary cDNA library that corresponded to an alternatively spliced form of the gene encoding the G protein alpha subunit G alpha i2. The cDNA was identical to that encoding G alpha i2 except that the region encoding for the carboxyl-terminal 24 amino acids was replaced by a longer region encoding 35 amino acids that have no sequence similarity with G alpha i2 or other members of the G protein family. This alternative spliced product and the corresponding protein (sGi2) were present in several tissues. Specific antibodies revealed that sGi2 was localized in the Golgi apparatus, suggesting a role in membrane transport. Thus, alternative splicing may generate from a single gene two G protein alpha subunits with differential cellular localization and function.

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