Neutrophil activation by monomeric interleukin-8

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Science  01 Apr 1994:
Vol. 264, Issue 5155, pp. 90-92
DOI: 10.1126/science.8140420


Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a pro-inflammatory protein, has been shown by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and x-ray techniques to exist as a homodimer. An IL-8 analog was chemically synthesized, with the amide nitrogen of leucine-25 methylated to selectivity block formation of hydrogen bonds between monomers and thereby prevent dimerization. This analog was shown to be a monomer, as assessed by analytical ultracentrifugation and NMR. Nevertheless, it was equivalent to IL-8 in assays of neutrophil activation, which indicates that the monomer is a functional form of IL-8.

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