Interaction of MHC class I molecules with the transporter associated with antigen processing

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Science  27 May 1994:
Vol. 264, Issue 5163, pp. 1322-1326
DOI: 10.1126/science.8191286


The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) delivers cytosolic peptides into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) where they bind to nascent class 1 histocompatibility molecules. Class 1-peptide complexes are then displayed at the cell surface for recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Immunoprecipitation of either TAP or class 1 molecules revealed an association between the transporter and diverse class 1 products. TAP bound preferentially to heterodimers of the class 1 heavy chain and beta 2-microglobulin, and the complex subsequently dissociated in parallel with transport of class 1 molecules from the ER to the Golgi apparatus. The TAP-class 1 complexes could also be dissociated in vitro by the addition of class 1-binding peptides. The association of class 1 molecules with TAP likely promotes efficient capture of peptides before their exposure to the lumen of the ER.

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