Younger Dryas Age Advance of Franz Josef Glacier in the Southern Alps of New Zealand

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Science  03 Jun 1994:
Vol. 264, Issue 5164, pp. 1434-1437
DOI: 10.1126/science.264.5164.1434


A corrected radiocarbon age of 11,050 ± 14 years before present for an advance of the Franz Josef Glacier to the Waiho Loop terminal moraine on the western flank of New Zealand's Southern Alps shows that glacier advance on a South Pacific island was synchronous with initiation of the Younger Dryas in the North Atlantic region. Hence, cooling at the beginning of the Younger Dryas probably reflects global rather than regional forcing. The source for Younger Dryas climatic cooling may thus lie in the atmosphere rather than in a North Atlantic thermohaline switch.

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