Magnetic Susceptibility of Molecular Carbon: Nanotubes and Fullerite

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Science  01 Jul 1994:
Vol. 265, Issue 5168, pp. 84-86
DOI: 10.1126/science.265.5168.84


Elemental carbon can be synthesized in a variety of geometrical forms, from three-dimensional extended structures (diamond) to finite molecules (C60 fullerite). Results are presented here on the magnetic susceptibility of the least well-understood members of this family, nanotubes and C60 fullerite. (i) Nanotubes represent the cylindrical form of carbon, intermediate between graphite and fullerite. They are found to have significantly larger orientation-averaged susceptibility, on a per carbon basis, than any other form of elemental carbon. This susceptibility implies an average band structure among nanotubes similar to that of graphite. (ii) High-resolution magnetic susceptibility data on C60 fullerite near the molecular orientational-ordering transition at 259 K show a sharp jump corresponding to 2.5 centimeter-gram-second parts per million per mole of C60. This jump directly demonstrates the effect of an intermolecular cooperative transition on an intramolecular electronic property, where the susceptibility jump may be ascribed to a change in the shape of the molecule due to lattice forces.