Tissue-specific targeting of retroviral vectors through ligand-receptor interactions

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Science  25 Nov 1994:
Vol. 266, Issue 5189, pp. 1373-1376
DOI: 10.1126/science.7973726


The development of retroviral vectors that target specific cell types could have important implications for the design of gene therapy strategies. A chimeric protein containing the polypeptide hormone erythropoietin and part of the env protein of ecotropic Moloney murine leukemia virus was engineered into the virus. This murine virus became several times more infectious for murine cells bearing the erythropoietin receptor, and it also became infectious for human cells bearing the erythropoietin receptor. This type of tissue-specific targeting by means of ligand-receptor interactions may have broad applications to a variety of gene delivery systems.

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