An alternative to SH2 domains for binding tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins

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Science  16 Dec 1994:
Vol. 266, Issue 5192, pp. 1862-1865
DOI: 10.1126/science.7527937


Src homology 2 (SH2) domains bind specifically to tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins that participate in signaling by growth factors and oncogenes. A protein domain was identified that bound specifically to the tyrosine-phosphorylated form of its target protein but differs from known SH2 sequences. Phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domains were found in two proteins: SHC, a protein implicated in signaling through Ras; and SCK, encoded by a previously uncharacterized gene. The PTB domain of SHC specifically bound to a tyrosine-phosphorylated 145-kilodalton protein. PTB domains are an alternative to SH2 domains for specifically recruiting tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins into signaling complexes and are likely to take part in signaling by many growth factors.

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