Conducting Layered Organic-inorganic Halides Containing <110>-Oriented Perovskite Sheets

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Science  10 Mar 1995:
Vol. 267, Issue 5203, pp. 1473-1476
DOI: 10.1126/science.267.5203.1473


Single crystals of the layered organic-inorganic perovskites, [NH2C(I=NH2]2(CH3NH3)m SnmI3m+2, were prepared by an aqueous solution growth technique. In contrast to the recently discovered family, (C4H9NH3)2(CH3NH3)n-1SnnI3n+1, which consists of (100)-terminated perovskite layers, structure determination reveals an unusual structural class with sets of m <110>-oriented CH3NH3SnI3 perovskite sheets separated by iodoformamidinium cations. Whereas the m = 2 compound is semiconducting with a band gap of 0.33 ± 0.05 electron volt, increasing m leads to more metallic character. The ability to control perovskite sheet orientation through the choice of organic cation demonstrates the flexibility provided by organic-inorganic perovskites and adds an important handle for tailoring and understanding lower dimensional transport in layered perovskites.

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