Exceptionally Thermally Stable Polyimides for Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Applications

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Science  16 Jun 1995:
Vol. 268, Issue 5217, pp. 1604-1606
DOI: 10.1126/science.268.5217.1604


The thermal stability of the electric field induced poled order in a new class of second-order optically nonlinear polymers, "donor-imbedded" side-chain polyimides containing no flexible connectors or tethers to the nonlinear optical (NLO) chromophore, is investigated. In these polymers, the electron-donor part of the chromophore is a diaryl-substituted amine that is incorporated as a part of the polymer backbone. The donorimbedded systems used in this study have exceptional chemical stabilities at elevated temperatures (350°C) and impressive poled order stability at extremely high temperatures (300°C). In both respects, they were significantly more stable than a true side-chain polyimide with a similar NLO-active chromophore covalently linked to the polymer backbone by a flexible tether group.