Ecosystem Experiments

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Science  21 Jul 1995:
Vol. 269, Issue 5222, pp. 324-327
DOI: 10.1126/science.269.5222.324


Experimental manipulations of entire ecosystems have been conducted in lakes, catchments, streams, and open terrestrial and marine environments. Experiments have addressed applied problems of ecosystem management and complex responses of communities and ecosystems to perturbations. In the course of some experiments, environmental indicators and models have been developed and tested. Surprising results with implications for ecological understanding and management are common.

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