Self-Condensing Vinyl Polymerization: An Approach to Dendritic Materials

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Science  25 Aug 1995:
Vol. 269, Issue 5227, pp. 1080-1083
DOI: 10.1126/science.269.5227.1080


Self-condensing vinyl polymerization was used to produce dendritic polymers with both highly branched structures and numerous reactive groups. A vinyl monomer will undergo self-polymerization if it contains a pendant group that can be transformed into an initiating moiety by the action of an external stimulus. The self-polymerization combines features of a classical vinyl polymerization process with those of a polycondensation because growth is accomplished by the coupling of reactive oligomers. Highly branched, irregular dendritic structures with a multiplicity of reactive functionalities are obtained by polymerization of 3-(1-chloroethyl)-ethenylbenzene.

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