Activation of dual T cell signaling pathways by the chemokine RANTES

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Science  22 Sep 1995:
Vol. 269, Issue 5231, pp. 1727-1730
DOI: 10.1126/science.7569902


The chemokine RANTES induced biphasic mobilization of Ca2+ in T cells. The initial peak, a transient increase in cytosolic Ca2+ mediated by a heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)--coupled pathway, was associated predominantly with chemotaxis. The second peak, Ca2+ release and sustained influx dependent on protein tyrosine kinases, was associated with a spectrum of cellular responses--Ca2+ channel opening, interleukin-2 receptor expression, cytokine release, and T cell proliferation--characteristic of T cell receptor activation. Other chemokines did not produce these responses. Thus, in addition to inducing chemotaxis, RANTES can act as an antigen-independent activator of T cells in vitro.

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