A Class of Cobalt Oxide Magnetoresistance Materials Discovered with Combinatorial Synthesis

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Science  13 Oct 1995:
Vol. 270, Issue 5234, pp. 273-275
DOI: 10.1126/science.270.5234.273


The recent development of methods for generating libraries of solid-state compounds has made it possible to apply combinatorial approaches to the discovery of materials. A library of 128 members containing different compositions and stoichiometries of LnxMyCoOδ, where Ln = Y or La and M = Pb, Ca, Sr, or Ba, was synthesized by a combination of thin-film deposition and physical masking techniques. Large magnetoresistance has been found in Lax(Ba,Sr,Ca)y-CoOδ samples, whereas Y-based samples exhibit much smaller magnetoresistive effects. The magnetoresistance of the Co-containing compounds increases as the size of the alkaline earth ion increases, in sharp contrast to Mn-containing compounds, in which the magnetoresistance effect increases as the size of the alkaline earth ion decreases.