Coactivator and Promoter-Selective Properties of RNA Polymerase I TAFs

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Science  01 Dec 1995:
Vol. 270, Issue 5241, pp. 1506-1509
DOI: 10.1126/science.270.5241.1506


Human ribosomal RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase I requires the activator UBF and the promoter selectivity factor SL1, which consists of the TATA binding protein (TBP) and three associated subunits, TAFI110, TAFI63, and TAFI48. Here it is shown that both TAFI110 and TAFI63 contact the promoter, whereas TAFI48 serves as a target for interaction with UBF and is required to form a transcriptionally active SL1 complex responsive to UBF in vitro. TAFI48 also alters the ability of TBP to interact with TATA box elements, and the resulting complex fails to support transcription by RNA polymerase II. Thus, TAFI48 may function both as a target to mediate UBF activation and as a class-specific promoter selectivity factor.

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