Molecular Detection of Primary Bladder Cancer by Microsatellite Analysis

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Science  02 Feb 1996:
Vol. 271, Issue 5249, pp. 659-662
DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5249.659


Microsatellite DNA markers have been widely used as a tool for the detection of loss of heterozygosity and genomic instability in primary tumors. In a blinded study, urine samples from 25 patients with suspicious bladder lesions that had been identified cystoscopically were analyzed by this molecular method and by conventional cytology. Microsatellite changes matching those in the tumor were detected in the urine sediment of 19 of the 20 patients (95 percent) who were diagnosed with bladder cancer, whereas urine cytology detected cancer cells in 9 of 18 (50 percent) of the samples. These results suggest that microsatellite analysis, which in principle can be performed at about one-third the cost of cytology, may be a useful addition to current screening methods for detecting bladder cancer.

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