Locus Control Region Function and Heterochromatin-Induced Position Effect Variegation

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Science  23 Feb 1996:
Vol. 271, Issue 5252, pp. 1123-1125
DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5252.1123


Human CD2 locus control region (LCR) sequences are shown here to be essential for establishing an open chromatin configuration. Transgenic mice carrying an hCD2 minigene attached only to the 3′ CD2 transcriptional enhancer exhibited variegated expression when the transgene integrated in the centromere. In contrast, mice carrying a transgene with additional 3′ sequences showed no variegation even when the latter integrated in centromeric positions. This result suggests that LCRs operate by ensuring an open chromatin configuration and that a short region, with no enhancer activity, functions in the establishment, maintenance, or both of an open chromatin domain.

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