Mutations in the Gene Encoding Cystatin B in Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy (EPM1)

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Science  22 Mar 1996:
Vol. 271, Issue 5256, pp. 1731-1734
DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5256.1731


Progressive myoclonus epilepsy of the Unverricht-Lundborg type (EPM1) is an autosomal recessive inherited form of epilepsy, previously linked to human chromosome 21q22.3. The gene encoding cystatin B was shown to be localized to this region, and levels of messenger RNA encoded by this gene were found to be decreased in cells from affected individuals. Two mutations, a 3′ splice site mutation and a stop codon mutation, were identified in the gene encoding cystatin B in EPM1 patients but were not present in unaffected individuals. These results provide evidence that mutations in the gene encoding cystatin B are responsible for the primary defect in patients with EPM1.

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