Teleconnections Between the Subtropical Monsoons and High-Latitude Climates During the Last Deglaciation

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Science  26 Apr 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5261, pp. 526-529
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5261.526


The major deglacial intensification of the southwest monsoon occurred at 11,450 ± 150 calendar years before present, synchronous with a major climate transition as recorded in Greenland ice. An earlier event of monsoon intensification at 16,000 ± 150 calendar years before present occurred at the end of Heinrich layer 1 in the Atlantic and parallels the initial rise in global atmospheric methane concentrations and the first abrupt climate changes in the Antarctic; thus, the evolution of the monsoonal and high-latitude climates show teleconnections but hemispheric asymmetries. Superimposed on abrupt events, the monsoonal climate shows high-frequency variability of 1785-, 1450-, and 1150-year oscillations, and abrupt climate change seems to occur when at least two of these oscillations are in phase.