Nuclear Encoding of a Chloroplast RNA Polymerase Sigma Subunit in a Red Alga

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Science  28 Jun 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5270, pp. 1932-1935
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5270.1932


A chloroplast RNA polymerase sigma factor is encoded by a nuclear gene, sigA, in the red alga Cyanidium caldarium RK-1. The encoded protein functions as an RNA polymerase sigma factor in vitro and it is localized to the chloroplast in vivo. SigA shows high sequence similarity to the sigma factors of cyanobacteria, which is indicative of the ancestral endosymbiotic event and subsequent transfer of the sigA gene to the nuclear genome.

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