Formation of a Transition-State Analog of the Ras GTPase Reaction by Ras·GDP, Tetrafluoroaluminate, and GTPase-Activating Proteins

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Science  05 Jul 1996:
Vol. 273, Issue 5271, pp. 115-117
DOI: 10.1126/science.273.5271.115


Unlike the α subunits of heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins, Ras-related GTP-binding proteins have hitherto been considered not to bind or become activated by tetrafluoroaluminate (AlF4). However, the product of the proto-oncogene ras in its guanosine diphosphate (GDP)-bound form interacted with AlF4 in the presence of stoichiometric amounts of either of the guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase)-activating proteins (GAPs) p120GAP and neurofibromin. Neither oncogenic Ras nor a GAP mutant without catalytic activity produced such a complex. Together with the finding that the Ras-binding domain of the protein kinase c-Raf, whose binding site on Ras overlaps that of the GAPs, did not induce formation of such a complex, this result suggests that GAP and neurofibromin stabilize the transition state of the GTPase reaction of Ras.

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