New Designs of Macroporous Polymers and Supports: From Separation to Biocatalysis

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Science  12 Jul 1996:
Vol. 273, Issue 5272, pp. 205-211
DOI: 10.1126/science.273.5272.205


Reactive polymers play many roles, from supports for solid-phase synthesis or catalysis to media for separations. Although macroporous polymer beads that provide high reactive capacities and excellent solvent tolerance are well established, approaches to monosized beads with optimized pore structures or multiple chemistries segregated within pores of different sizes have expanded their realm of application. Polymer monoliths containing intricate pore networks can be obtained in any desired shape by a simple molding process and provide unique advantages such as fast kinetics, high reactivity, and high throughput. Applications ranging from immobilized enzyme reactors to fast media for the separation of synthetic or biopolymers are presented.