Regulation of Interferon-γ-Activated STAT1 by the Ubiquitin-Proteasome Pathway

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Science  20 Sep 1996:
Vol. 273, Issue 5282, pp. 1717-1719
DOI: 10.1126/science.273.5282.1717


STAT proteins (signal transducers and activators of transcription) are latent cytoplasmic transcription factors that are phosphorylated by Janus kinases in response to cytokines. Phosphorylated STAT proteins translocate to the nucleus, where they transiently turn on specific sets of cytokine-inducible genes. The mechanism that controls the amounts of activated STAT proteins is not understood. STAT1 proteins activated by interferon-γ treatment in HeLa cells were shown to be stabilized by a proteasome inhibitor and ubiquitinated in vivo. Thus, the amount of activated STAT1 may be negatively regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway.

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