Tat-SF1: Cofactor for Stimulation of Transcriptional Elongation by HIV-1 Tat

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Science  25 Oct 1996:
Vol. 274, Issue 5287, pp. 605-610
DOI: 10.1126/science.274.5287.605


Tat may stimulate transcriptional elongation by recruitment of a complex containing Tat-SF1 and a kinase to the human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) promoter through a Tat-TAR interaction. A complementary DNA for the cellular activity, Tat-SF1, has been isolated. This factor is required for Tat trans-activation and is a substrate of an associated cellular kinase. Cotransfection with the complementary DNA for Tat-SF1 specifically modulates Tat activation. Tat-SF1 contains two RNA recognition motifs and a highly acidic carboxyl-terminal half. It is distantly related to EWS and FUS/TLS, members of a family of putative transcription factors with RNA recognition motifs that are associated with sarcomas.

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