Hyperresponsive B Cells in CD22-Deficient Mice

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Science  01 Nov 1996:
Vol. 274, Issue 5288, pp. 798-801
DOI: 10.1126/science.274.5288.798


CD22 is a surface glycoprotein of B lymphocytes that is rapidly phosphorylated on cytoplasmic tyrosines after antigen receptor cross-linking. Splenic B cells from mice with a disrupted CD22 gene were found to be hyperresponsive to receptor signaling: Heightened calcium fluxes and cell proliferation were obtained at lower ligand concentrations. The mice gave an augmented immune response, had an expanded peritoneal B-1 cell population, and contained increased serum titers of autoantibody. Thus, CD22 is a negative regulator of antigen receptor signaling whose onset of expression at the mature B cell stage may serve to raise the antigen concentration threshold required for B cell triggering.