Molecular Chaperone Machines: Chaperone Activities of the Cyclophilin Cyp-40 and the Steroid Aporeceptor-Associated Protein p23

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Science  06 Dec 1996:
Vol. 274, Issue 5293, pp. 1718-1720
DOI: 10.1126/science.274.5293.1718


Molecular chaperones are essential proteins that participate in the regulation of steroid receptors in eukaryotes. The steroid aporeceptor complex contains the molecular chaperones Hsp90 and Hsp70, p48, the cyclophilin Cyp-40, and the associated proteins p23 and p60. In vitro folding assays showed that Cyp-40 and p23 functioned as molecular chaperones in a manner similar to that of Hsp90 or Hsp70. Although neither Cyp-40 nor p23 could completely refold an unfolded substrate, both proteins interacted with the substrate to maintain a nonnative folding-competent intermediate. Thus, the steroid aporeceptor complexes have multiple chaperone components that maintain substrates in an intermediate folded state.