Site of Einkorn Wheat Domestication Identified by DNA Fingerprinting

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Science  14 Nov 1997:
Vol. 278, Issue 5341, pp. 1312-1314
DOI: 10.1126/science.278.5341.1312

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The emergence of agriculture in the Near East also involved the domestication of einkorn wheat. Phylogenetic analysis that was based on the allelic frequency at 288 amplified fragment length polymorphism molecular marker loci indicates that a wild group of Triticum monococcum boeoticum lines from the Karacadağ mountains (southeast Turkey) is the likely progenitor of cultivated einkorn varieties. Evidence from archeological excavations of early agricultural settlements nearby supports the conclusion that domestication of einkorn wheat began near the Karacadağmountains.

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