Mediation of Sonic Hedgehog-Induced Expression of COUP-TFII by a Protein Phosphatase

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Science  12 Dec 1997:
Vol. 278, Issue 5345, pp. 1947-1950
DOI: 10.1126/science.278.5345.1947

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A Sonic hedgehog (Shh) response element was identified in the chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter–transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) promoter that binds to a factor distinct fromGli, a gene known to mediate Shh signaling. Although this binding activity is specifically stimulated by Shh-N (amino-terminal signaling domain), it can also be unmasked with protein phosphatase treatment in the mouse cell line P19, and induction by Shh-N can be blocked by phosphatase inhibitors. Thus, Shh-N signaling may result in dephosphorylation of a target factor that is required for activation of COUP-TFII–, Islet1-, and Gli response element–dependent gene expression. This finding identifies another step in the Shh-N signaling pathway.

  • * These authors contributed equally to this report.

  • To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: mtsai{at}

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