Engineering Broader Specificity into an Antibiotic-Producing Polyketide Synthase

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Science  09 Jan 1998:
Vol. 279, Issue 5348, pp. 199-202
DOI: 10.1126/science.279.5348.199

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The wide-specificity loading module for the avermectin-producing polyketide synthase was grafted onto the first multienzyme component (DEBS1) of the erythromycin-producing polyketide synthase in place of the normal loading module. Expression of this hybrid enzyme in the erythromycin producer Saccharopolyspora erythraea produced several novel antibiotic erythromycins derived from endogenous branched-chain acid starter units typical of natural avermectins. Because the avermectin polyketide synthase is known to accept more than 40 alternative carboxylic acids as starter units, this approach opens the way to facile production of novel analogs of antibiotic macrolides.

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