Results from the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer

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Science  13 Mar 1998:
Vol. 279, Issue 5357, pp. 1692-1698
DOI: 10.1126/science.279.5357.1692


The Thermal Emission Spectrometer spectra of low albedo surface materials suggests that a four to one mixture of pyroxene to plagioclase, together with about a 35 percent dust component provides the best fit to the spectrum. Qualitative upper limits can be placed on the concentration of carbonates (<10 percent), olivine (<10 percent), clay minerals (<20 percent), and quartz (<5 percent) in the limited regions observed. Limb observations in the northern hemisphere reveal low-lying dust hazes and detached water-ice clouds at altitudes up to 55 kilometers. At an aerocentric longitude of 224° a major dust storm developed in the Noachis Terra region. The south polar cap retreat was similar to that observed by Viking.

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