Replication Checkpoint Enforced by Kinases Cds1 and Chk1

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Science  08 May 1998:
Vol. 280, Issue 5365, pp. 909-912
DOI: 10.1126/science.280.5365.909

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Cdc2, the kinase that induces mitosis, is regulated by checkpoints that couple mitosis to the completion of DNA replication and repair. The repair checkpoint kinase Chk1 regulates Cdc25, a phosphatase that activates Cdc2. Effectors of the replication checkpoint evoked by hydroxyurea (HU) are unknown. Treatment of fission yeast with HU stimulated the kinase Cds1, which appears to phosphorylate the kinase Wee1, an inhibitor of Cdc2. The protein kinase Cds1 was also required for a large HU-induced increase in the amount of Mik1, a second inhibitor of Cdc2. HU-induced arrest of cell division was abolished incds1 chk1 cells. Thus, Cds1 and Chk1 appear to jointly enforce the replication checkpoint.

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