Carbon Dioxide Emission from European Estuaries

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Science  16 Oct 1998:
Vol. 282, Issue 5388, pp. 434-436
DOI: 10.1126/science.282.5388.434

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The partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) in surface waters and related atmospheric exchanges were measured in nine European estuaries. Averaged fluxes over the entire estuaries are usually in the range of 0.1 to 0.5 mole of CO2 per square meter per day. For wide estuaries, net daily fluxes to the atmosphere amount to several hundred tons of carbon (up to 790 tons of carbon per day in the Scheldt estuary). European estuaries emit between 30 and 60 million tons of carbon per year to the atmosphere, representing 5 to 10% of present anthropogenic CO2 emissions for Western Europe.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Michel.Frankignoulle{at}

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