Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Derived from Human Blastocysts

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Science  06 Nov 1998:
Vol. 282, Issue 5391, pp. 1145-1147
DOI: 10.1126/science.282.5391.1145


  • Figure 1

    Derivation of the H9 cell line. (A) Inner cell mass–derived cells attached to mouse embryonic fibroblast feeder layer after 8 days of culture, 24 hours before first dissociation. Scale bar, 100 μm. (B) H9 colony. Scale bar, 100 μm. (C) H9 cells. Scale bar, 50 μm. (D) Differentiated H9 cells, cultured for 5 days in the absence of mouse embryonic fibroblasts, but in the presence of human LIF (20 ng/ml; Sigma). Scale bar, 100 μm.

  • Figure 2

    Telomerase expression by human ES cell lines. MEF, irradiated mouse embryonic fibroblasts used as a feeder layer for the cells in lanes 4 to 18; 293, adenovirus-transformed kidney epithelial cell line 293; MDA, breast cancer cell line MDA; TSR8, quantitation control template. Telomerase activity was measured with the TRAPEZE Telomerase Detection Kit (Oncor, Gaithersburg, Maryland). The ES cell lines were analyzed at passages 10 to 13. About 2000 cells were assayed for each telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay, and 800 cell equivalents were loaded in each well of a 12.5% nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel. Reactions were done in triplicate with the third sample of each triplet heat inactivated for 10 to 15 min at 85°C before reaction to test for telomerase heat sensitivity (lanes 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, and 27). A 36–base pair internal control for amplification efficiency and quantitative analysis was run for each reaction as indicated by the arrowhead. Data were analyzed with the Storm 840 Scanner and ImageQuant package (Molecular Dynamics). Telomerase activity in the human ES cell lines ranged from 3.8 to 5.9 times that observed in the immortal human cell line MDA on a per cell basis.

  • Figure 3

    Expression of cell surface markers by H9 cells. Scale bar, 100 μm. (A) Alkaline phosphatase. (B) SSEA-1. Undifferentiated cells failed to stain for SSEA- 1 (large colony, left). Occasional colonies consisted of nonstained, central, undifferentiated cells surrounded by a margin of stained, differentiated, epithelial cells (small colony, right). (C) SSEA-3. Some small colonies stained uniformly for SSEA-3 (colony left of center), but most colonies contained a mixture of weakly stained cells and a majority of nonstained cells (colony right of center). (D) SSEA-4. (E) TRA-1-60. (F) TRA-1-81. Similar results were obtained for cell lines H1, H7, H13, and H14.

  • Figure 4

    Teratomas formed by the human ES cell lines in SCID-beige mice. Human ES cells after 4 to 5 months of culture (passages 14 to 16) from about 50% confluent six-well plates were injected into the rear leg muscles of 4-week-old male SCID-beige mice (two or more mice per cell line). Seven to eight weeks after injection, the resulting teratomas were examined histologically. (A) Gutlike structures. Cell line H9. Scale bar, 400 μm. (B) Rosettes of neural epithelium. Cell line H14. Scale bar, 200 μm. (C) Bone. Cell line H14. Scale bar, 100 μm. (D) Cartilage. Cell line H9. Scale bar, 100 μm. (E) Striated muscle. Cell line H13. Scale bar, 25 μm. (F) Tubules interspersed with structures resembling fetal glomeruli. Cell line H9. Scale bar, 100 μm.

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