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Imaging Electron Wave Functions of Quantized Energy Levels in Carbon Nanotubes

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Science  01 Jan 1999:
Vol. 283, Issue 5398, pp. 52-55
DOI: 10.1126/science.283.5398.52

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Abstract

Carbon nanotubes provide a unique system for studying one-dimensional quantization phenomena. Scanning tunneling microscopy was used to observe the electronic wave functions that correspond to quantized energy levels in short metallic carbon nanotubes. Discrete electron waves were apparent from periodic oscillations in the differential conductance as a function of the position along the tube axis, with a period that differed from that of the atomic lattice. Wave functions could be observed for several electron states at adjacent discrete energies. The measured wavelengths are in good agreement with the calculated Fermi wavelength for armchair nanotubes.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dekker{at}qt.tn.tudelft.nl

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