Spectroscopic Determination of the Water Pair Potential

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Science  07 May 1999:
Vol. 284, Issue 5416, pp. 945-948
DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5416.945

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A polarizable water pair potential was determined by fitting a potential form to microwave, terahertz, and mid-infrared (D2O)2 spectra through a rigorous calculation of the water dimer eigenstates. It accurately reproduces most ground state vibration-rotation-tunneling spectra and yields excellent second viral coefficients. The calculated dimer structure and dipole moment are very close to those determined from microwave spectroscopy and high-level ab initio calculations. The dimer binding energy and acceptor switching and donor-acceptor interchange tunneling barriers are in excellent agreement with recent ab initio theory, as are cyclic water trimer and tetramer structures and binding energies.

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