Salt Tolerance Conferred by Overexpression of a Vacuolar Na+/H+ Antiport in Arabidopsis

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Science  20 Aug 1999:
Vol. 285, Issue 5431, pp. 1256-1258
DOI: 10.1126/science.285.5431.1256

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Agricultural productivity is severely affected by soil salinity. One possible mechanism by which plants could survive salt stress is to compartmentalize sodium ions away from the cytosol. Overexpression of a vacuolar Na+/H+antiport from Arabidopsis thaliana in Arabidopsisplants promotes sustained growth and development in soil watered with up to 200 millimolar sodium chloride. This salinity tolerance was correlated with higher-than-normal levels of AtNHX1transcripts, protein, and vacuolar Na+/H+(sodium/proton) antiport activity. These results demonstrate the feasibility of engineering salt tolerance in plants.

  • * These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: blumwald{at}

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