Identification of a Conserved Receptor-Binding Site on the Fiber Proteins of CAR-Recognizing Adenoviridae

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Science  19 Nov 1999:
Vol. 286, Issue 5444, pp. 1568-1571
DOI: 10.1126/science.286.5444.1568

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The human adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) is used widely for applications in human gene therapy. Cellular attachment of Ad5 is mediated by binding of the carboxyl-terminal knob of its fiber coat protein to the Coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR) protein. However, Ad5 binding to CAR hampers the development of adenovirus vectors capable of specifically targeting (diseased) tissues or organs. Through sequence analysis and mutagenesis, a conserved receptor-binding region was identified on the side of three divergent CAR-binding knobs. The feasibility of simultaneous CAR ablation and redirection of an adenovirus to a new receptor is demonstrated.

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